Buddhism, like all religions, has naturally proliferated into many sects. I don’t use “sect” pejoratively at all, but instead as a religious-studies term. Christians invented the pejorative connotation with “sect” and thus don’t refer to their own sub-groups as “sects” but instead uses the term “denominations”. Buddhists have various ways of describing their own sects. Likewise Buddhists also have a special term for their sects. The “3 Classic Yāna” taxonomy below illustrates a common classification of the sects. See my diagram here to see how Buddhist sects fall into these three Yānas.
But as a commentor has rightly pointed out, the use of “Yāna” has other uses. A Yāna is also a “path” or an “approach” to a practice and thus any given sect could incorporate any of the various, more detailed, A Yānas listed in the “9 Secondary A Yāna” list. My diagram below illustrates the Nyingma classification scheme next the the “Classic 3 Yāna” scheme. More specifically, this is the Aro understanding. The chart also shows how Aro sees functions and principles relating to their taxonomy of the Yānas into yet another 3-grouping: Drogchen, Tantra Yāna, and Sutra Yāna. I hope people find this diagram helpful.
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